Presently, Ukraine is establishing an open environment, and as the academic openings broaden, the query of having Ukrainian education similar to that of the West emerges. Since 1992, Ukrainian education had been in the process of improvement. From that time the new education law becomes active. The Ministry of Education continues to be the sole accrediting system and both private and public institution will conduct educational activities and proffer degree and qualifications if recognized by the Ministry of Education. Such accreditation categories and stages of the colleges in Ukraine were presently instituted:
CHART OF THE EQUIVALENCY BETWEEN ACCREDITATION LEVELS, INSTITUTIONS TYPES AND THEIR AWARDS:
|Accreditation Institutions Awards
Level (article 36, “Law of Education”)
|Level I Vocational// Technical Schools Diploma with the (UCHILISHCHE) professional qualification|
|Level II: Colleges Diploma with the professional qualification or Bachelor’s degree|
|Levels III, IV Institutes, Conservatories, Diploma of,
Universities, Academies Specialista, Bachelor (Bakalavr), Magister (Master), PhD (Aspirant)
Colleges of levels I and II can be compared to vocational and technical college in Western state. Based on the latest Education law in article 34, Universities of the I and II accreditation level are regarded as the institution of higher education when compared to their standing before 1992. This is the time they considered specified secondary education institution. The can separately exist with other schools. Take for instance, June 1996 based on the Ministry of Education decision, the Kyiv River School which is considered as level I was combined with Odessa State Marine Academy. The institutions were renamed and are presently called Kyiv State Marine Academy and provide programs of levels I and III. The required admission to the level I accreditation programs are completing 9 or 8 and 11 or 10 years of secondary education including some entrance test like mathematics and Ukrainian language. The entire length of the program is congruently 3.7 or 2.7 years. Learners who did not complete secondary education normally offered in the last years of secondary school. Additionally, they study subjects related with their upcoming profession. During graduation, they receive an Attestat of completed Secondary education included in their diploma with their professional qualification. Learners who accomplished their secondary education study major relevant subjects and other subjects like the social sciences. During completion of the program, they will get Diploma with the Professional Qualification. Level III programs have basic admission and graduation requirements and will reward their graduates with a Bachelor’s degree.
Many of the Universities and colleges of the level II accreditation also called TECHNICUMS before 1992, have changed their names to COLLEGES after the introduction of the latest education law. It was still in 1992 when they offered two kinds of programs that varied in admission and graduation requirements and consequently the degrees offered. The initial kind of program did not require learners to complete secondary education to be able to apply; their educational plans were almost the same to those schools at level I and their graduates will receive Diploma with Professional Qualification. Given that the institutions of the Level II accreditation are known to be the institutions of higher education Students who completed secondary education could only be admitted to another sort of program. Thus, plenty of institutions have altered their basic admission requirements and study outline in order for only candidates who finished secondary education can apply. The basic length of the program is four years and the award is a Bachelor’s degree. Right after Ukrainian “college” offers the subsequent type of program that award a Bachelor’s degree which could be compared to colleges and the same institution in Western state.
There is a little variance between institutions of the level III and IV accreditation levels. Institutions or institute are typically on the level III and Universities and Academes typically stand at Level IV. The word “institute” in Ukraine corresponds to a fully develop institutions of the higher education when compared to the standard meaning of the terminology in Western state where “institutes” are normally greatly specialized professional technical institutions. When a lot of institutions were re-assessed and approved a higher accreditation level since 1992, they change some portions of their names. For instance, KPI or Kiev Polytechnic Institute (level III), was granted the level IV and during 1995 it become the NTUU or National Technical University of Ukraine. Furthermore, the degrees offered in that school were changed based on the educational priorities. Presently, NTUU, rewarded a Bakalavr (Bachelor’s)Degree and diploma of specialist in lieu of just a common diploma of specialist as before 1995. For the bachelor’s degree or “bakalavr” students should meet the needed requirement; finished the 4-year formal education; students should pass final examinations or end-of-terms exams, which are not STATE exams and lastly, complete a whole traditional program of 5,5 length that leads to both Master’s (Magister) or Diploma of Specialist degree. Oftentimes, the Master’s needs an additional semester of study. The primary variance between these programs is the fact that the diploma of Specialist (engineer) is professionally focused and its purpose is to persuade and facilitate qualified specialist to apply for jobs in Ukrainian companies. Admission requirements to the program are bachelor’s degree and the student’s passion. The other programs like Master Degree is focused toward a research/scientific career. Entrance requirements are Bakalavr’s degree and excellent academic achievements.
Soviet or Traditional Ukrainian education, particularly in sciences and engineering were constantly highly specialized. The primary goal of institutions is to make professionals begin their profession quickly upon completion of the course of study. Hence, the curriculum is made to include only required fields’ related to the course and little portions of non-related courses such as humanities and social sciences. A switch of major, double major and concentration in a certain field were unusual for traditional educational institutions.
At this point, private institutions which have been founded since 1992 are much more flexible with entrance and graduation requirements and availability of courses. The NaUKMA or National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy restructure in 1992, is the great example of this. The institutions employ a Western Model of education and might be compared to private small liberal arts colleges in America wherein the total number of enrollees is 1100. Additionally, it was one of the first schools in Ukraine to offer a Bakalavr’s degree to graduates in replacement of the traditional diploma of Specialist. As of now, there are four departments that offers a Bachelor’s degree and this includes natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Humanities and Law and also two latest programs in Social Work and Computer science. The course of the Kyiv (Kiev) Academies is built so that learners should finish four years of formal education to be able to receive a Bachelor’s degree and additional two years to complete a program toward a Master’s degree. The major thing that makes NaUKMA distinct from traditional state-supported schools is mobility in course planning. Other than required courses which are also taught in English and Ukrainian pupils can take electives which are likewise taught in both languages. Pupils likewise are allowed to switch their majors that were impossible in traditional state-supported institutions. Kyiv-Mohyla Academy was honored as the largest accreditation in level IV in 1994, and Educational programs of the Academy were approved by the Special Council of UNESCO professionals.
Whenever Ukrainian learners apply to educational institutions overseas, there is constantly the question of transferability and assessment of their chosen courses. Every admission case must be carefully revised since changes and revisions in Ukrainian education happen almost every day and this procedure will continue to happen. Normally, though the Ukrainian “University” has a shortfall in a whole range of disciplines, typically offered by Western universities, it must not be regarded as lacking in quality. Whenever a Ukrainian student’s educational record is requested it is to ensure that placement was accredited in levels III and IV.
- Until 1991, Ukraine secondary Education was based on ten years
The Ukraine higher education system structure is based on the education program of the well-develop countries worldwide as per recommendations from UNESCO, UN or other international institutions. Higher education is an important aspect of the Ukrainian Education system offers through professional, academic, and practical training with the following level: Junior Specialist, Bachelor, Specialist and Master
Higher education can be acquired in higher education institutions of a particular level of accreditation. The candidate should have either the regular secondary education, completed secondary educations or having a degree of the Junior Specialist or bachelor and Specialist or Master when they sign up for postgraduate degree.
The learners may take either a full-time course during the day, or a part-time course or evening classes and distance learning. Or perhaps take a combination of such courses. Occasionally, they can do an external course.
Admission to higher educational institution is optional and depending on the ability of the applicants; it is not based on the ownership kind of educational institution or the origin of cash for their tuition fees.
Based on their standing, all educational institution may fall into four classes:
First category - the vocational school, technical school or other schools of the same degree.
Second category - college or other institutions of the same level
Third category and Fourth Category - depending on their accreditation- the conservatory, institute, academy, university
These days there are 881 institutions of higher education in Ukraine of varied accreditation levels.
The higher educational institutions can award degrees:
Junior Specialist - (technical schools, vocational state and other educational institutions of the first accreditation or Level I).
Specialist, Master - ( educational institutions of the third and fourth accreditation level or Level III-IV).
The multi-layer organization of the higher education program implies that on completion of education on a given level, learners acquire a corresponding degree and can step up from level to level.
Based on the structure of the higher education system, the initial level leads to Junior specialist diploma, the subsequent level to Bachelor’s Degree (standard higher education), the third to Specialist, Master’s Degree (complete higher education).
Accredited educational institutions offer instructions based on their accreditation level. Nevertheless, the higher the accreditation levels of the education institutions is, the greater the options it could offer its learners, who can graduate with degree or diploma of any chosen level.
Becoming a candidate of the Bologna method, Ukraine joined common European education system and European academic research community. A whole new set of requirements for getting the bachelor’s degree has been adapted to meet up the European requirements. Another crucial objective would be to revise course materials and qualification requirements.
In Ukraine, state education standard has qualification requirements. Such standards are a collection of regulations that define the specifications for qualification and degree levels.
State education standards are required for every education level and degree.